Sunnah of eating with Dua and Translation

Sunnahs of Eating

1.) To spread a (spread cloth/table cloth). (Bukhari)
2.) To wash both hands up to the wrists. (Tirmizi)
3.) To say bismillah before eating. (Bukhari and Muslim)
4.) To eat with the right hand.
5.) To have the most elderly or senior person present to commence the meal. (Muslim)
6.) If the food is of one type, then to eat from what is in front of one. (Bukhari/Muslim)
7.) If the morsel falls down, then one should pick it up, clean it and eat it. (Muslim)
8.) Not to lean against something and eat. (Bukhari/Abu Daud)
9.) Not to take out faults from the food. (Bukhari/Muslim)
10.) To take the shoes off and eat. (Mishkat)
11.) To sit on the ground and eat. (Mishkat)
12.) To clean and lick the eating utensil.

* “The plate or utensil seeks forgiveness for the one who cleans it.”

(Ibn Majah, Tirmizi and Daruqutni)

13.) To lick the fingers after eating. (Muslim)
14.) To read this du`a after eating:

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الَّذِى أَطْعَمَنَا وَ سَقَانَا وَ جَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِيْن
All Praises and thanks are for Allah who fed us, gave us drink and made us Muslims.

(Tirmizi, Abu Daud, and Ibn Majah)

15.) To have the spread cloth lifted up first, then to get up and leave. (Ibn Majah)

16.) To read this du`a at the time of lifting up the spead cloth:

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ حَمْداً كَثِيْراً طَيِّباً مُبَاركاً فِيْهِ غَيْرَ مَكْفِيٍّ وَ لا مُوَدَّعٍ و لا مُسْتَغْنىً عَنْه رَبَّنَا

“All abundant, pure and blessed praises and thanks are for all Allah. (We are not departing from this food) thinking it to be sufficient, neither are we bidding it farewell, neither are independent of it, oh our Lord!” (Bukhari)

17.) To wash both hands after eating. (Abu Daud)

18.) To rinse the mouth and gargle after eating. (Bukhari)

19.) If one forgets to say bismillah at the beginning, then to say the following du`a when one remembers:

ِبسْمِ اللهِ أَوّلَهُ وَ آخِرَهُ

“In the name of Allah at the beginning and in the end.”

(Tirmizi and Abu Daud)

20.) If one is invited to someone’s house then to make this du`a for the host:

أللّهُمَّ أَطْعِمْ مَنْ أَطْعَمَنِي وَاسْقِ مَنْ سَقَانِيْ

O Allah, feed the one who fed me and give drink to the one who gave me drink.

21.) To use vinegar is sunnah. That house which has vinegar, is not in need of any other condiments. (Ibn Majah)

22.) To some barley to one’s flour, so that one may get the reward of practicing the sunnah of eating barley bread. (Tirmizi)

23.) To eat meat is sunnah. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The best food of this life and the hereafter is meat.

(Jami`us Saghir)

24.) To accept the invitation of a fellow Muslim. (Abu Daud)

*One should abstain from accepting the invitation of that person whose earnings are not from a halal source.

25.) It sunnah to prepare food for the family of the deceased person. (Ibn Majah)

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Assalm o Alaikum contact for publishing your article / any suggestion at کسی تحریر کو شائع کرانے یا اصلاح کے لئےرابطہ کریں
From Faisal Award winner sheikh Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi book
"Everyone knows that Prophet was descended in Arab who was ignorant and unmannered to the deepest level. All were illiterate.The Quran mentioned the arab nation as The illiterate
هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولاً مِنْهُم
He is the One who raised amidst the unlettered people a messenger, Not only they were illiterate but were deep filled in the worst kind of social economic disarray. وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلاَلٍ مُبِينٍ وَكُنْتُمْ عَلَى شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِنْ النَّارِ While they were earlier in open error. You were at the brink of a pit of Fire
Prophet Approach for education and Nurturing
The first thing infused by prophet was to make them eager, keen and passionate for Deen and the knowledge of deen.All sahaba were keen to learn the required Ilm for guidance.And those who has learned something considered it obligatory to teach others the same.
Mutaharrak Amli Darsgah (Prophet established Practical and Kinetic seats of learning) Right from Beginning Prophet made a system with the foundation principles as Knowledge with Practice (Ilm ke saath Amal)
Practice based on Knowledge (Amaal ke saath Ilm)
Learning with teaching (Taleem with TAALLUM)
The whole Islamic society was a practical kinetic (Mobile) seat of learning (Madarsa) in which everyone was seeker for himself (Taalib) and teacher for others.The lessons of this School were not used to be reinforced alone rather by interdependence i.e. trying to memorize others and in conveying deen to others This teaching used to get imprinted on heart rather than only tongue.
To be precise lets understand that lessons of swimming not to take on dry classes rather in in the river of life. It is very clear from Quran Hadith that following is a parts and parcel of a Muslim life.
1. To learn deen and to practice it in life.
2. To Teach deen (Islamic Knowledge and Practice) to others
3. Encouraging for good and advising to stop from bad
4. Striving for Spread and Propagation of deen.These all should be parts of a Muslim life.
In the era of prophet and early generation of Muslim people of all walk of life i.e Farmers businessman rich or poor used to spare some time for learning and teaching deen.
Temporary Migration Motivation and Striving for deen
7. The migration and motivation, movement and striving for deen has to be revived. It is the fundamental structure of Islamic knowledge and service of prphet era, that is to be replicated and revived.
8. Muslims should be encouraged to migrate temporarily (leave engagements for a short period). In this short period they should be provided with a practical religious environment following Sunnah and Shariat. This environment will make them familiar with a religious life to adopt.
9. This basic skeleton of this environment will be built by accompanying fellows and further cemented by their effort to motivate other people of the area where they have gone and stationed.
Migration and Motivation will be three way Process
a. Between each member of the group through a bidirectional process. (In group some will be more knowlagable and some less they will learn knowledge and qualities from each other Wa Tawanu Alal birre wattaqwa.
b. It will also motivate the people of the area where they have gone to learn deen and service of deen.By this way it will become a chain and will bring revolution in Whole ummat.
On the above points each section of the Muslim Ummah is called to temporary leave their busy engagements for a short period of time and to utilize time for teaching and learning in a religious environment.”
For this co-operation of all Muslims are solicited in effort of Tablighi Jamaat

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