From Muhammad the Messenger of Allâh to Negus, king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
Peace be upon him who follows trueguidance. Salutations, I entertain Allâh’s praise, there is no godbut He, the Sovereign, the Holy, the Source of peace, the Giverof peace, the Guardian of faith, the Preserver of safety. I bearwitness that Jesus, the son of Mary, is the spirit of Allâh andHis Word which He cast into Mary, the virgin, the good, thepure, so that she conceived Jesus. Allâh created him from Hisspirit and His breathing as He created Adam by His Hand. Icall you to Allâh Alone with no associate and to His obedienceand to follow me and to believe in that which came to me, for Iam the Messenger of Allâh. I invite you and your men to Allâh,the Glorious, the All-Mighty. I hereby bear witness that I havecommunicated my message and advice. I invite you to listenand accept my advice. Peace be upon him who follows trueguidance."