Bk. 2:Book of Bilief (Kitabul Emaan)1.7:
Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allah's Apostle said: Islam is based on
(the following) five (principles): −1. To testify that there
is no deity (owing the right to be worshipped) but Allah and
that Muhammad is Allah's Messenger. −2. To offer the
(compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
−3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) . −4. To perform
Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca) −5. To observe fast during
the month of Ramadan.
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Faith (Belief)
consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya'
(This word "Haya'" covers a large number of concepts which are
to be taken together; amongst them are self respect, modesty,
bashfulness, and scruple, etc. Its predominant meaning is:
pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions) is a
part of faith."
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: The Prophet said, "A Muslim is
the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands.
And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons)
all what Allah has forbidden."
Narrated Abu Musa: Some people asked Allah's Apostle, "Whose
Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?" He
replied, "One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: A man asked the Prophet , "What
sort of deeds or (what qualities of) Islam are good?" The
Prophet replied, 'To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you
know and those whom you do not Know (See Hadith No. 27).
The Prophet said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes
for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself."
Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Apostle said, "By Him in Whose
Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me
more than his father and his children."
The Prophet said "None of you will have faith till he loves me
more than his father, his children and all mankind."
The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following three
qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: − 1. The
one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything
else. −2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's
sake. −3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he
hates to be thrown into the fire."
The Prophet said, "Love for the Ansar is a sign of faith and
hatred for the Ansar is a sign of hypocrisy."
Narrated 'Ubada bin As−Samit: who took part in the battle of
Badr and was a Naqib (a person heading a group of six
persons), on the night of Al−`Aqaba pledge: Allah's Apostle
said while a group of his companions were around him, "Swear
allegiance to me for: − 1. Not to join anything in worship
along with Allah. −2. Not to steal. −3. Not to commit illegal
sexual intercourse. −4. Not to kill your children. −5. Not to
accuse an innocent person (to spread such an accusation among
people). −6. Not to be disobedient (when ordered) to do good
deed." The Prophet added: "Whoever among you fulfills his
pledge will be rewarded by Allah. And whoever indulges in any
one of them (except the ascription of partners to Allah) and
gets the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an
expiation for that sin. And if one indulges in any of them,
and Allah conceals his sin, it is up to Him to forgive or
punish him (in the Hereafter)." 'Ubada bin As−Samit added: "So
we swore allegiance for these." (points to Allah's Apostle)
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "A time
will come that the best property of a Muslim will be sheep
which he will take on the top of mountains and the places of
rainfall (valleys) so as to flee with his religion from
Whenever Allah's Apostle ordered the Muslims to do something,
he used to order them deeds which were easy for them to do,
(according to their strength endurance). They said, "O Allah's
Apostle! We are not like you. Allah has forgiven your past and
future sins." So Allah's Apostle became angry and it was
apparent on his face. He said, "I am the most Allah fearing,
and know Allah better than all of you do."
The Prophet said, "Whoever possesses the following three
qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: −1. The one to
whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else.
−2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah's sake.
−3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has
brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: The Prophet said, "When the
people of Paradise will enter Paradise and the people of Hell
will go to Hell, Allah will order those who have had faith
equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed to be taken out
from Hell. So they will be taken out but (by then) they will
be blackened (charred). Then they will be put in the river of
Haya' (rain) or Hayat (life) (the Narrator is in doubt as to
which is the right term), and they will revive like a grain
that grows near the bank of a flood channel. Don't you see
that it comes out yellow and twisted"
Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: Allah's Apostle said, "While I
was sleeping I saw (in a dream) some people wearing shirts of
which some were reaching up to the breasts only while others
were even shorter than that. `Umar bin Al−Khattab was shown
wearing a shirt that he was dragging." The people asked, "How
did you interpret it? (What is its interpretation) O Allah's
Apostle?" He (the Prophet ) replied, "It is the Religion."
Narrated `Abdullah (bin `Umar): Once Allah's Apostle passed by
an Ansari (man) who was admonishing to his brother regarding
Haya' (pious shyness from committing religious indiscretions).
On that Allah's Apostle said, "Leave him as Haya' is a part of
faith." (See Hadith No. 8)
Narrated Ibn `Umar: Allah's Apostle said: "I have been ordered
(by Allah) to fight against the people until they testify that
none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that
Muhammad is Allah's Apostle, and offer the prayers perfectly
and give the obligatory charity, so if they perform a that,
then they save their lives an property from me except for
Islamic laws and then their reckoning (accounts) will be done
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle was asked, "What is the
best deed?" He replied, "To believe in Allah and His Apostle
(Muhammad). The questioner then asked, "What is the next (in
goodness)? He replied, "To participate in Jihad (religious
fighting) in Allah's Cause." The questioner again asked, "What
is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, "To perform Hajj
(Pilgrim age to Mecca) Mabrur" (i.e. accepted by Allah,
performed with the intention of seeking Allah's pleasure only
and not to show off, without committing a sin and in
accordance with the traditions of the Prophet).
Allah's Apostle distributed (Zakat) amongst (a group of)
people while I was sitting there but Allah's Apostle left a
man whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, "O Allah's
Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah I regard him
as a faithful believer." The Prophet commented: "Or merely a
Muslim." I remained quiet for a while, but could not help
repeating my question because of what I knew about him. And
then asked Allah's Apostle, "Why have you left so and so? By
Allah! He is a faithful believer." The Prophet again said, "Or
merely a Muslim." And I could not help repeating my question
because of what I knew about him. Then the Prophet said, "O
Sa`d! I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for
fear that he might be thrown on his face in the Fire by
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: A person asked Allah's Apostle .
"What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are
good?" He replied, "To feed (the poor) and greet those whom
you know and those whom you don't know."
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet said: "I was shown the
Hell−fire and that the majority of its dwellers were women who
were ungrateful." It was asked, "Do they disbelieve in Allah?"
(or are they ungrateful to Allah?) He replied, "They are
ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the favors
and the good (charitable deeds) done to them. If you have
always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees
something in you (not of her liking), she will say, 'I have
never received any good from you."
Narrated Al−Ma`rur: At Ar−Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was
wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar
one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, "I abused a
person by calling his mother with bad names." The Prophet said
to me, 'O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother
with bad names You still have some characteristics of
ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put
them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his
command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what
he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their
capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.' "
Narrated Al−Ahnaf bin Qais: While I was going to help this man
(`Ali Ibn Abi Talib), Abu Bakra met me and asked, "Where are
you going?" I replied, "I am going to help that person." He
said, "Go back for I have heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'When
two Muslims fight (meet) each other with their swords, both
the murderer as well as the murdered will go to the
Hell−fire.' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! It is all right for
the murderer but what about the murdered one?' Allah's Apostle
replied, "He surely had the intention to kill his companion."
Narrated `Abdullah: When the following Verse was revealed: "It
is those who believe and confuse not their belief with wrong
(worshipping others besides Allah.)" (6:83), the companions of
Allah's Apostle asked, "Who is amongst us who had not done
injustice (wrong)?" Allah revealed: "No doubt, joining others
in worship with Allah is a great injustice (wrong) indeed."
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The signs of a
hypocrite are three: −1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
−2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise ).
−3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep
something as a trust with him, he will not return it.)"
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr: The Prophet said, "Whoever has
the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite
and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will
have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives
it up. −1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays. −2. Whenever
he speaks, he tells a lie. −3. Whenever he makes a covenant,
he proves treacherous. −4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in
a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner."
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever
establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere
faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not to show off)
then all his past sins will be forgiven."
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "The person who
participates in (Holy battles) in Allah's cause and nothing
compels him to do so except belief in Allah and His Apostles,
will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty
(if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is
killed in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it
difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind any
sariya (military unit) going for Jihad and I would have loved
to be martyred in Allah's cause and then made Alive, and then
martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in His
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said: "Whoever
establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully
out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not
for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven."
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever observes
fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and
hoping to attain Allah's rewards, then all his past sins will
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Religion is very easy
and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be
able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists,
but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings
that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in
the mornings, the nights." (See Fath−ul−Bari, Page 102, Vol.
Narrated Al−Bara' (bin `Azib): When the Prophet came to
Medina, he stayed first with his grandfathers or maternal
uncles from Ansar. He offered his prayers facing Baitul−Maqdis
(Jerusalem) for sixteen or seventeen months, but he wished
that he could pray facing the Ka`ba (at Mecca). The first
prayer which he offered facing the Ka`ba was the `Asr prayer
in the company of some people. Then one of those who had
offered that prayer with him came out and passed by some
people in a mosque who were bowing during their prayers
(facing Jerusalem). He said addressing them, "By Allah, I
testify that I have prayed with Allah's Apostle facing Mecca
(Ka`ba).' Hearing that, those people changed their direction
towards the Ka`ba immediately. Jews and the people of the
scriptures used to be pleased to see the Prophet facing
Jerusalem in prayers but when he changed his direction towards
the Ka`ba, during the prayers, they disapproved of it.
Al−Bara' added, "Before we changed our direction towards the
Ka`ba (Mecca) in prayers, some Muslims had died or had been
killed and we did not know what to say about them (regarding
their prayers.) Allah then revealed: And Allah would never
make your faith (prayers) to be lost (i.e. the prayers of
those Muslims were valid).' " (2:143).
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "If any one of you
improve (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good
deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for
each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is."
Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with me. He
said, "Who is she?" I replied, "She is so and so," and told
him about her (excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, "Do
(good) deeds which is within your capacity (without overtaxing
yourself) as Allah does not get tired (of giving rewards) but
(surely) you will get tired; the best deed (act of Worship) in
the sight of Allah is that which is done regularly."
The Prophet said, "Whoever said "None has the right to be
worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal
to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And
whoever said: "None has the right to be worshipped but Allah
and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a
wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, "None
has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart
good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out
Narrated `Umar bin Al−Khattab: Once a Jew said to me, "O the
chief of believers! There is a verse in your Holy Book Which
is read by all of you (Muslims), and had it been revealed to
us, we would have taken that day (on which it was revealed as
a day of celebration." `Umar bin Al−Khattab asked, "Which is
that verse?" The Jew replied, "This day I have perfected your
religion For you, completed My favor upon you, And have chosen
for you Islam as your religion." (5:3) `Umar replied, "No
doubt, we know when and where this verse was revealed to the
Prophet. It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at `Arafat
(i.e. the Day of Hajj)"
Narrated Talha bin 'Ubaidullah: A man from Najd with unkempt
hair came to Allah's Apostle and we heard his loud voice but
could not understand what he was saying, till he came near and
then we came to know that he was asking about Islam. Allah's
Apostle said, "You have to offer prayers perfectly five times
in a day and night (24 hours)." The man asked, "Is there any
more (praying)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but if you want
to offer the Nawafil prayers (you can)." Allah's Apostle
further said to him: "You have to observe fasts during the
month of Ramadan." The man asked, "Is there any more fasting?"
Allah's Apostle replied, "No, but if you want to observe the
Nawafil fasts (you can.)" Then Allah's Apostle further said to
him, "You have to pay the Zakat (obligatory charity)." The man
asked, "Is there any thing other than the Zakat for me to
pay?" Allah's Apostle replied, "No, unless you want to give
alms of your own." And then that man retreated saying, "By
Allah! I will neither do less nor more than this." Allah's
Apostle said, "If what he said is true, then he will be
successful (i.e. he will be granted Paradise).
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "(A believer) who
accompanies the funeral procession of a Muslim out of sincere
faith and hoping to attain Allah's reward and remains with it
till the funeral prayer is offered and the burial ceremonies
are over, he will return with a reward of two Qirats. Each
Qirat is like the size of the (Mount) Uhud. He who offers the
funeral prayer only and returns before the burial, will return
with the reward of one Qirat only."
Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet said, "Abusing a Muslim is
Fusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief)."
Narrated 'Ubada bin As−Samit: "Allah's Apostle went out to
inform the people about the (date of the) night of decree
(Al−Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men.
The Prophet said, "I came out to inform you about (the date
of) the night of Al−Qadr, but as so and so and so and so
quarreled, its knowledge was taken away (I forgot it) and
maybe it was better for you. Now look for it in the 7th, the
9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the month of
Narrated Abu Huraira: One day while the Prophet was sitting in
the company of some people, (The angel) Gabriel came and
asked, "What is faith?" Allah's Apostle replied, 'Faith is to
believe in Allah, His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His
Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection." Then he further
asked, "What is Islam?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship
Allah Alone and none else, to offer prayers perfectly to pay
the compulsory charity (Zakat) and to observe fasts during the
month of Ramadan." Then he further asked, "What is Ihsan
(perfection)?" Allah's Apostle replied, "To worship Allah as
if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of
devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you."
Then he further asked, "When will the Hour be established?"
Allah's Apostle replied, "The answerer has no better knowledge
than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents.
−1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master. −2. When
the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing
with others in the construction of higher buildings. And the
Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.
The Prophet then recited: "Verily, with Allah (Alone) is the
knowledge of the Hour−−." (31. 34) Then that man (Gabriel)
left and the Prophet asked his companions to call him back,
but they could not see him. Then the Prophet said, "That was
Gabriel who came to teach the people their religion." Abu
`Abdullah said: He (the Prophet) considered all that as a part
Narrated `Abdullah bin `Abbas: I was informed by Abu Sufyan
that Heraclius said to him, "I asked you whether they
(followers of Muhammad) were increasing or decreasing. You
replied that they were increasing. And in fact, this is the
way of true Faith till it is complete in all respects. I
further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after
embracing his (the Prophets) religion (Islam) became
displeased and discarded it. You replied in the negative, and
in fact, this is (a sign of) true faith. When its delight
enters the heart and mixes with them completely, nobody can be
displeased with it."
Narrated An−Nu`man bin Bashir: I heard Allah's Apostle saying,
'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them
there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people
have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from
these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And
whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd
who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of
someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O
people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah
on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There
is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed)
the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole
body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
Narrated Abu Jamra: I used to sit with Ibn `Abbas and he made
me sit on his sitting place. He requested me to stay with him
in order that he might give me a share from his property. So I
stayed with him for two months. Once he told (me) that when
the delegation of the tribe of `Abdul Qais came to the
Prophet, the Prophet asked them, "Who are the people (i.e.
you)? (Or) who are the delegate?" They replied, "We are from
the tribe of Rabi`a." Then the Prophet said to them, "Welcome!
O people (or O delegation of `Abdul Qais)! Neither will you
have disgrace nor will you regret." They said, "O Allah's
Apostle! We cannot come to you except in the sacred month and
there is the infidel tribe of Mudar intervening between you
and us. So please order us to do something good (religious
deeds) so that we may inform our people whom we have left
behind (at home), and that we may enter Paradise (by acting on
them)." Then they asked about drinks (what is legal and what
is illegal). The Prophet ordered them to do four things and
forbade them from four things. He ordered them to believe in
Allah Alone and asked them, "Do you know what is meant by
believing in Allah Alone?" They replied, "Allah and His
Apostle know better." Thereupon the Prophet said, "It means:
−1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but
Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Apostle. −2. To offer prayers
perfectly −3. To pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) −4. To
observe fast during the month of Ramadan. −5. And to pay
Al−Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's
Cause). Then he forbade them four things, namely Hantam,
Dubba, Naqir−Muzaffat or (Naqir) Muqaiyar (names of pots in
which Alcoholic drinks were prepared, the Prophet used the
names of the pots to designate the prohibited drinks usually
brewed in them). The Prophet further said (to them): "Memorize
them (these instructions) and convey them to the people whom
you have left behind."
Narrated `Umar bin Al−Khattab: Allah's Apostle said, "The
reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person
will get the reward according to what he has intended. So
whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his
emigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoever
emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his
emigration was for what he emigrated for."
Narrated Abu Mas`ud: The Prophet said, "If a man spends on his
family (with the intention of having a reward from Allah)
sincerely for Allah's sake then it is a (kind of) alms−giving
in reward for him.
Narrated Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas: Allah's Apostle said, "You will
be rewarded for whatever you spend for Allah's sake even if it
were a morsel which you put in your wife's mouth."
Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: I gave the pledge of allegiance
to Allah's Apostle for the following: −1. offer prayers
perfectly −2. pay the Zakat (obligatory charity) −3. and be
sincere and true to every Muslim.
Narrated Ziyad bin `Ilaqa [??] : I heard Jarir bin `Abdullah
(Praising Allah). On the day when Al−Mughira bin Shu`ba died,
he (Jarir) got up (on the pulpit) and thanked and praised
Allah and said, "Be afraid of Allah alone Who has none along
with Him to be worshipped. (You should) be calm and quiet till
the (new) chief comes to you and he will come to you soon. Ask
Allah's forgiveness for your (late) chief because he himself
loved to forgive others." Jarir added, "Amma ba`du (now then),
I went to the Prophet and said, 'I give my pledge of
allegiance to you for Islam." The Prophet conditioned (my
pledge) for me to be sincere and true to every Muslim so I
gave my pledge to him for this. By the Lord of this mosque! I
am sincere and true to you (Muslims). Then Jarir asked for
Allah's forgiveness and came down (from the pulpit).