SUNNATS OF WUZOO (Ablution)
There are thirteen Sunnats and five Mustahabs in wuzoo. By performing them a complete / perfect wuzoo will be achieved.
To make niyyah (intention) of wuzoo, e.g. I am performing wuzoo to perform Salaah.
Bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
In some narrations, the Bismillaah of wuzoo is reported in the following words:
Bismillaahil 'azeem Al’hamdu lillaahi 'alaa deenil Islaam
In the Name of Allah, the Owner of Greatness. All Praise is due to Allah for the religion Islaam
To wash both the hands up to the wrist thrice.
To brush the teeth with Miswaak. If Miswaak is not available, rub the teeth with the (index) finger (of the right hand).
To gargle thrice.
To put water in the nostrils thrice.
To blow the nose each time.
To wash each part thrice.
To make Khilaal of the beard when washing the face. (Khilaal means to pass the wet fingers through the beard).
To make Khilaal of the fingers and the toes when washing the feet.
To make Masah of the whole head once.
To make Masah of both ears with the Masah of the head.
To rub each part properly during washing.
To wash each part one after the other without pause, (so the part washed first, does not dry up before washing the next part).
To make wuzoo in proper sequence.
To begin with washing the right side first.
Upon completion of wuzoo, look towards the sky and recite:
Ash'hadu allaa ilaaha illallaahu wa Ash’hadu Anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluh
I bear witness that none is worthy of worship besides Allah, the Only One. He has no partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is His Slave and Messenger.
Thereafter, recite the following du'aa:
Allaahummaj'alni minat tawwaabeena waj'alni minal mutatahhireen
O Allah! Include me amongst those who repent excessively and make me amongst-those who stay pure. (Hisn-e-Haseen)
Note: Regarding this du’aa, Mullaa Ali Qaari rahmatullahi alayh states: wuzoo is a means of external purification; through this du'aa a request is made for internal purification, i.e. the first (i.e. the external purification) was within our capability which we have fulfilled; (O Allah!) purify our internal (condition) through Your Mercy.
Note: All eight doors of Jannah are opened for the one who recites Kalimah Shahaadah after wuzoo; he may enter (Jannah) through whichever door he desires. (Mishkaat)
wuzoo should be performed at home according to Sunnah.