These six qualities are nothing but six basic important qualities which sahaba had and every muslim should have in them.
They should be brought into everyone’s life, so that following of complete islam is easy for us. Since if we think for few moments we will find that we are not able to follow islam because of lack of any of these qualities.
Therefore Luqman (a.s) advised his son about importance of qualities of a muslim. If we read complete sura-e-Luqman we will see that he was advising his son about these qualities only. Some are given for quick reference.
1. Regarding emaan.
31.13: "O my son! Do not ever commit shirk (associating anyone else with Allah); surely committing shirk is the worst iniquity."
2. Regarding namaz:
31.17: O my son! Establish Salah
3. Regarding ilm and zikr :
31.21: When they are asked to follow what Allah has revealed, they reply: "Nay, we shall follow the ways upon which we found our forefathers". What! Will they still follow them even though Shaitan invites them to the punishment of the blazing fire.
31.22: He who surrenders himself to Allah and leads a righteous life has indeed grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold; as the ultimate disposal of affairs rests with Allah.
4. Regarding Ikram al muslim :
31.18: Do not speak to the people with your face turned away, nor walk proudly on earth; for Allah does not love any self-conceited boaster.
31.19: Be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; for the harshest of voices is the braying of a donkey."
5. Regarding Ekhlas (sincerity) :
31.16: Luqman further said: "O my son! Allah will bring all things to light, be they as small as a grain of a mustard seed, and be they hidden inside a rock or high above in the heavens or deep down in the earth. Allah is well aware of all things to their finest details.
6. Regarding Dawath & Tabligh:
31.17: O my son! Establish Salah, enjoin good and forbid the evil. Endure with patience whatever befalls you, surely this shows your determination in conducting the affairs.
Scholars say every parent should advise their children to bring these qualities in them as Luqman (a.s) did.
So that he grows up with these qualities and becomes a true muslim.